What is Artificial Intelligence?
Defence understands Artificial Intelligence (AI) as a family of general-purpose technologies, any of which
may enable machines to perform tasks normally requiring human or biological intelligence, especially when
the machines learn from data how to do those tasks.
AI: Machines that perform tasks normally requiring human intelligence, especially when the machines learn from data how to do those tasks. – UK National AI Strategy
Machine Learning: Computer algorithms that can ‘learn’ by finding patterns in sample data and then apply this to new data to produce useful outputs, often using neural networks. – Alan Turing Institute
Data science: Research that involves the processing of large amounts of data in order to provide insights into real-world problems. – Alan Turing Institute
Levels of Oversight & Control
The appropriate level of human oversight, verification and control will vary depending on the system design, mission objectives and operational context